Sunscreens are products combining several ingredients that help prevent the Sun's ultraviolet radiation from reaching skin.Two types of ultraviolet radiation, UV-A & UV-B, damage skin and increase your risk of skin cancer

Read More


SPF or Sun Protection Factor is a measure of sunscreen's ability to prevent UV-B from damaging skin.Sunscreen with an SPF of 15 blocks about 93 % of UV-B radiation, while one with SPF of 30 blocks about 97 % of UV-B radiation. SPF is largely a measure of protection against UV-B, whereas broad spectrum gives protection for UV-B & UV-A


Ultra Violet Radiation is part of an electromagnetic light spectrum that reaches the Earth from the Sun. UV Spectrum is divided into UV-A, UV-B & UV-C. UV-A constitute 90 – 95 % of UV radiation and causes lasting skin damage, skin aging and can cause skin cancer. UV-B rays are primary cause of sun burn. To minimize the deleterious effect of UV rays, photoprotection is important


The ideal sunscreen should have high SPF rating, should be well tolerated, cosmetically

pleasant, non toxic, equally effective against UV-A & UV-B.

Sunscreen should be applied 20 to 30 min before sun exposure, to all sun exposed areas and

allowed to dry completely before sun exposure. Sunscreen should be re-applied every 3 hours

The teaspoon rule of applying sunscreen :

  • apply slightly more than 1/2 teaspoon (~ 3ml) to each arm, face and neck
  • on each leg, chest and back apply slightly more than a teaspoon (~ 6ml)



Dry cracked skin is common during winter months. This can cause itching and affect the protective function of skin.A good skin care will prevent skin from becoming too dry, thereby reducing itching and inflammation.

Read More


Bathing hydrates skin and also removes scales,crusts,irritants and allergens.Once daily bathing isrecommended for people with very dry skin for around 5 – 10 minutes in warm water (not hot), with use of a fragrance free non soap cleanser, having a neutral to low pH.Application of a moisturiser shortly after bathing is essential to maintain skin hydration.


Moisturiser application can reduce xerosis, pruritus, erythema, fissuring. Standard moisturiser contains varying amounts of emollients – agents that lubricate skin, occlusives – agents that prevent water loss and humectants – agents that attract water. Moisturisers should be used 2 - 4 times per day at the least.

Moisturisers are available as creams and lotions. Creams have more water in them and are easier and more pleasant to apply. Lotions contain most water of all emollients.Water evaporates quickly, which tends to have a cooling and more dehydrating effect,hence lotions are less suitable for very dry skin. Some products have water binding substance like urea.Urea can sometimes irritate skin causing mild burning sensation particularly in children and adults with sensitive skin.

A moisturiser which works perfectly for one may not be effective for another, due to racial and genetic variations in skin ultra structure, as such it is important to choose the moisturiser carefully Lip balms can be used to protect lips from the drying effect of cold weather


UV rays are always present during the day time, even when the sky is cloudy. Sunscreens offer the added advantage of keeping the skin moist


Water is the main component of cells and tissues. It helps in maintaining intracellular and extracellular body volume, which is essential to prevent dehydration. Due to the cold weather many prefer tea or coffee, but caffeine can dry your skin. Remember to drink a glass of water for each cup of coffee. 2 L / day for females and 2.5 L/ day for males is the recommended intake. Correction of skin water balance will drastically improve the quality of life, especially in elderly in whom dry skin is a constant complaint.Also eat food with high water content like apple, orange, watermelon, kiwi, carrot, cucumber and tomato


Dry areas like hands, feet, elbows, and knees have thin skin and tend to lose moisture faster than other areas on the body. Moisturise these areas well before sleep.


Dry skin

Dry skin worsens in monsoon
Use a cream based moisturizer to increase the water content of outer large of skin which sires a soft 4 supply look


Monsoon care

Monsoon brings humidity and is had news for all Know your skin type and here are some tips for each skin type to be followed during monsoon.


Oily skin

Excess oil can be renowned bring a mild cleanse twice or thrice daily but not more than that as too much washing will stimulate your skin to produce more it